The European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) Annual Overview of Marine Casualties and Incidents consists in a high-level analysis of accidents reported by the EU Member States.
This first edition relates to accidents that happened during the years 2011, 2012 and 2013.
Following the entry into force of Directive 2009/18/EC1 establishing the fundamental principles governing the investigation of accidents in the maritime transport sector, EU Member States shall, among other obligations:
- establish independent accident investigation bodies. Landlocked countries without a maritime fleet are not obliged to comply with this provision, other than to designate a focal point. This is the case currently for the Czech Republic and Slovakia
- require to be notified of marine accidents and incidents. This obligation covers casualties and incidents that:
• involve ships flying the flag of one of the Member States
• occur within Member States’ territorial seas and internal waters
• involve other substantial interests of the Member States.
- Investigate accidents depending upon their severity. Casualties which are classified as very serious shall be investigated; serious casualties shall be assessed in order to decide if the accident needs to be investigated, while it is left to the accident investigation body to decide whether to investigate a less serious accident or a marine incident
- publish investigation reports
- notify the European Commission of marine casualties and incidents via EMCIP.
This EMSA-run platform relies on the competent national authorities to provide data. It is this data which forms the basis of the Annual Overview of Marine Casualties and Incidents.
In this publication, the terms “Europe” and “EU Member States” are considered to be the 28 Member States plus the EFTA Member States Iceland and Norway. The contribution of Croatia is limited as it joined the EU on 1 July 2013.
A total of 5,816 occurrences have been reported to EMCIP over its first three years in operation, 2011-2013, and have been used to produce this publication.
EU Member States are increasingly using EMCIP to report casualties and incidents. Comparison of the notifications in EMCIP against commercial sources that record accidents, suggested that approximately 3500 occurrences (ranging
from marine incidents at the lower end of the scale through to very serious accidents) could be expected to be notified annually.
It should be noted that the implementation of the reporting of marine casualties and incidents into EMCIP has been a gradual process. While the data can be used to shed light on certain aspects of maritime safety, it should not be used as an
indication of the full picture.
Over the three years under consideration, 228 persons lost their lives and 1952 were injured.