Rainbow coloured tropical fish, jumping dolphins, and incredible sea turtles are often what comes to mind when thinking of the oceans. The deep sea, dark and less colourful, but possibly even more awe-inspiring, can sometimes be ignored since it is so far below our world. That may be why, in the European Union (EU), the main regulation to manage fisheries occurring in this fragile world have not been updated since 2002.
The current regulation covers only a fraction of the species being caught, and even among those the majority have been overfished. Infamous bottom trawls lead the parade of poor management, throwing away up to 80 percent of what they catch. Many deep sea creatures take decades to mature for reproduction, making overfishing these species especially dangerous.
To better explain the issue, see this excellent infographic taking us from the problem to the solutions on the table.