(http://www.MaritimeCyprus.com) China’s Ministry of Transport released two regulations in the 4th quarter of 2018, which entered into force on Jan 1, 2019.
- Implementation Plan for Marine Air Pollutant Emission Control Areas – This plan is an upgraded version of the previous plan released in 2015, which specifically requires all ships operating within ECAs to comply with the fuel sulfur limit.
- Regulation on Data Collection of Energy Consumption for Ships – This is a new regulation for ships having a gross tonnage of 400 and above or powered by propulsion machinery of 750 kW propulsion power and above calling for China ports to report fuel consumption and transport work details to China MSA.
The above regulations apply to the majority of merchant ships (regardless of flag operating domestically and/or internationally) navigating, operating and berthing in China waters. ABS is aware that a number of questions have been raised, especially for shipowners/operators operating non-Chinese flagged vessels calling to China ports.
1. China Domestic ECA Plan 2018
The Scope of China Domestic ECA
The Chinese government announced in late 2015 their three-year plan to reduce SOx emissions starting on January 1, 2016, with the issuance of Implementation Plan for Marine Air Pollutant Emission Control Areas for Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta, and Bohai Rim Area. The three emission control areas are indicated in the below Figure. It’s known as the China Domestic ECA 2015.
Three years later, an upgraded Plan was released on 30 November 2018 by the Ministry of Transport of P.R.C. named as “Implementation Plan for Marine Air Pollutant Emission Control Areas”. The three specific ECAs have literally been removed from the title, which reflects the change to the scope of China Domestic ECA 2015.
According to the officially published document, the emission control areas are categorized as:
- Coastal Emission Control Area
- Inland Water Emission Control Area
The scope of Coastal Emission Control Area has been extended to cover all China coastal territorial waters (12 nautical miles from the coastal line: The extension of 12 nautical miles is an interpretation with referred to Chinese local authority, which is not officially defined in the 2018 China ECA plan), excluding the territorial waters from the coastline of Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan. Hainan Island territorial coastal waters are within China ECA and are specifically defined. The Inland Water Emission Control Area includes the navigable waters of Yangtze River and Xi-Jiang River.
The previous ECAs are naturally included in the upgraded China Domestic ECA 2018. The new China ECA extension is illustrated below.
Emission Control Requirements
The latest China ECA plan requires ships to comply with the SOx emission and particulate matter control requirements:
- Beginning January 1, 2019, ships entering the new China ECAs must use fuel with ≤0.5% sulfur content.
- Starting January 1, 2020, ships entering the Inland Water ECA must use fuel with ≤0.1% sulfur content.
- Beginning March 1, 2020, ships, not equipped with an EGCS, entering China’s ECAs must carry the required sulfur content fuel (≤0.5% sulfur content for the Coastal ECA and ≤0.1% sulfur content for the Inland Water ECA).
- Starting January 1, 2022, ships entering the regulated waters of Hainan Island must use fuel with ≤0.10% sulfur content.
An exhaust gas cleaning system (EGCS) is currently accepted as an equivalent measure for complying with the above requirements. The possibility of implementing 0.1% Sulphur cap in all China ECAs from 2025 is expected to be considered at a later date.
In addition to SOx emission control, there are also requirements regarding NOx control and use of shore power (cold ironing). Currently, the NOx emission control requirements only apply to Chinese-flagged vessels, so the following only summarizes the requirements for use of shore power:
- Starting July 1, 2019, ships (except tankers) equipped with shore power capability shall connect to shore power while berthing for more than 3 hours in Coastal ECA ports with available shore power supply or berthing more than 2 hours within the Inland Water ECA with available shore power supply.
- Starting January 1, 2022, cruise ships shall connect to shore power while berthing more than 3 hours at China ECA ports with available shore power supply.
- Use of clean energy, new energy and onboard battery can be treated as equivalent alternative measures to comply with the above two requirements.
Does China Ban Open-loop SOx Scrubbers?
Following the release of the 2018 China ECA plan, the China MSA published a notice regarding supervision of the implementation of the updated ECA plan. For those who have ships with installed open-loop SOx scrubbers, the following points should be considered:
- The discharge and treatment of water pollutant generated by EGCS shall comply with the relevant requirements.
- Discharge of open-loop scrubber washwater is prohibited in most portions of the new ECAs, including the Inland Water ECA, Bohai Rim waters and ports within the Coastal Water ECA.
- The prohibition of discharging washwater from open-loop scrubbers in the rest of the Coastal Water ECA is still being considered.
Currently, China does not ban open-loop scrubbers in all China domestic ECAs. However, restrictions on washwater discharge from open-loop scrubbers exists for inland waters, port waters within coastal ECAs, and the Bohai rim waters.
What are the Changes?
The broader ECA and stricter sulfur control requirements may result in higher fuel costs while operating in China waters. The 2018 China ECA plan is an earlier implementation of the IMO Global Sulfur Cap, stakeholders should take actions in advance to avoid non-compliance issues and disruptions.
A comparison table of requirements between the old and new ECA plan is as follows:
2. Ship’s Energy Consumption Data Reporting
The China MSA released the Regulation on Data Collection of Energy Consumption for Ships in November 2018. This regulation requires ships calling on China ports to report fuel consumption and transport work details directly to the China MSA.
This regulation includes the requirements for both Chinese-flagged vessels (domestic and international) and other non-Chinese flagged international navigating vessels. This document mainly focuses on the key requirements which are applicable to non-Chinese flagged operating internationally.
What Ships are Applicable?
• All non-Chinese flag ships not less than 400 GT or with propulsion power 750 kW and above, which
• Call on China ports (excluding ports in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan)
What to Do?
The vessel’s owner/master/operator shall report the energy consumption data to China MSA for voyages calling at a China port. This means that only the last voyage before arriving at a China port should be reported. The outbound voyage once departing a China port does not need to be reported.
When to Do?
The reporting will be done when preparing the documents for departing a China port. So, the data should be reported each time a vessel departs from a China port.
Who to Do?
The ship’s owner/master/operator and the authorized agent can conduct the reporting task.
How to Do?
The required data items to be reported are contained in the standard forms provided by the China MSA. The forms include three parts:
• Ship specific information
• Transport work details, including cargo amount, distance traveled, time underway and in operation
• Energy consumption, including fuel type, quantity and data collecting measures, shore power consumption, whether use an EGCS, etc.
Once the fuel oil consumption data is collected, then it is to be reported via the Maritime Information Platform maintained by China MSA. The reporting entity should register an account to the portal in advance via the link http://csp.msa.gov.cn/ . The data can be filled into the web-based forms.
If the web-based platform is not working, it is recommended that the paper form be filled out and submitted to the local China MSA prior to the vessel leaving port.
What are the Differences?
The China’s energy consumption data collection regulation has similar methodology with IMO Data Collecting System (DCS) and EU Monitoring, Reporting, Verification (MRV).
The following table summarizes the key differences among the three regulations:
This table summarizes only the major requirements among the IMO DCS, EU MRV and the newly released Regulation on Data Collection for Energy Consumption of Ships by China MSA. The column “China’s Energy Consumption Data Collection” is only applicable to non-Chinese flagged ships. The purpose of this table is to show the most common differences among the three regulations, so for the details please refer to each regulation respectively.