(www.MaritimeCyprus.com) Europe is at the forefront of data protection worldwide. The EUâs data protectionÂ standards are based on Council of Europe Convention 108, EU instruments â includingÂ the General Data Protection Regulation and the Data Protection Directive forÂ Police and Criminal Justice Authorities â as well as on the respective case law of theÂ European Court of Human Rights and of the Court of Justice of the European Union.
The data protection reforms carried out by the EU and the Council of Europe areÂ extensive and at times complex, with wide-ranging benefits and impact on individualsÂ and businesses like the Maritime sector. This handbook aims to raise awareness and improve knowledgeÂ of data protection rules, especially among non-specialist legal practitioners whoÂ have to deal with data protection issues in their work.
The handbook has been prepared by the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA),Â with the Council of Europe (together with the Registry of the European Court ofÂ Human Rights) and the European Data Protection Supervisor. It updates a 2014 editionÂ and is part of a series of legal handbooks co-produced by FRA and the CouncilÂ of Europe.
This handbook outlines the legal standards relating to data protection set by theÂ European Union (EU) and the Council of Europe (CoE). It is designed to assist practitionersÂ not specialized in the field of data protection, including lawyers, judges andÂ other legal practitioners, as well as individuals working for other bodies, such asÂ non-governmental organisations (NGOs), who may be confronted with legal questions
relating to data protection.
The handbook serves as a first point of reference on relevant EU law and theÂ EuropeanÂ Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), as well as the CoE Convention forÂ the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal DataÂ (Convention 108) and other CoE instruments.
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