(www.MaritimeCyprus.com) Triggered by the detention by UK Special Forces from the Special Boat Service (SBS) of seven stowaways onboard the crude oil tanker the Nave Adromeda in UK territorial waters which had sailed from Lagos, Nigeria on 5 October, Human Rights at Sea brings forward its publication for updated independent international guidance covering âDeprivation of Liberty on board Private Shipsâ.
The Nave Andromeda (IMO: 9580405) is owned by Greek shipping company Navios. It wasÂ en route from Lagos in NigeriaÂ to Fawley oil refinery on Southampton Water.
The new publication should be read alongside the 2015 EU-fundedÂ Deprivation of Liberty at SeaÂ international guidance which remains extant and applicable for Shipmasters, crew and Privately Contracted Armed Security Personnel (PCASP).
The Threshold of âDeprivation of Libertyâ
The guidance introduces a typology of potential instances of deprivation of liberty (DoL) onboard private ships. Whether a specific situation amounts to deprivation of liberty, and not to a mere restriction of liberty or even no restriction of movement at all, can only be assessed with regard to a specific case.
Generally, three elements must be present for a measure or situation to amount to a deprivation of liberty:
- space (confinement to a specific place or area),
- coercion (the person does not consent to be confined to that space) and
- time (the confinement in that space lasts for a certain time).
These three elements are interdependent and must be assessed together.
The focus of the â2015 DoL Guidanceâ is on criminal suspects, who are deprived of their liberty by Shipmasters, Crew and/or Privately Contracted Armed Security Personnel (PCASP) up until their handover to competent law enforcement officials for investigation and prosecution purposes. Among the scenarios highlighted in the â2015 DoL Guidanceâ figure the detention of persons suspected of trafficking in human beings, or of engaging in an act of piracy.
Click on the images below to download each Guide.
Deprivation of Liberty at Sea International Guidance (2015)
Deprivation of Liberty on board Private Ships Annex I: Typology & Cases (25 October 2020)