(www.MaritimeCyprus.com)Â Shipping can have a devastating impact on the environment, however, new innovative technologies could spur on a new era of sustainable shipping.
A great majority of engines used for vessel propulsion are driven by fossil diesel oil. Smaller vessels and smaller engines are generally powered by Marine Diesel Oil (MDO). For larger engines, Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) is the fossil diesel used as it has a greater viscosity than the former. HFO is less refined and cheaper than MDO and is therefore the favored choice among owners of larger vessels. The combustion of any type of fossil diesel creates numerous exhaust gases which are harmful to the environment and human health.
Throughout the last decade, there has been a variety of new sustainable shipping technologies developed to reduce the environmental impact of the industry. Although these new technologies can reduce theÂ industryâs carbon footprint, there are still many older shipping vessels that continue to minimise the impact of sustainable innovation.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has announced the availability of grant funding to implement projects which reduce emissions from the nationâs existing fleet of older diesel engines. US EPA anticipates awarding approximately US$46 million in Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) grant funding to eligible applicants, subject to the availability of funds. Under this competition, EPA anticipates awarding between 40 and 70 assistance agreements.
âThe DERA program continues to provide much-needed assistance to agencies and ports to improve poor air quality in communities across America,â said EPA Administrator Andrew Wheeler. âOver the last three years, EPA has provided nearly $300 million in grants and rebates to modernize diesel fleets with cleaner heavy-duty trucks and equipment.â
Diesel-powered engines move most of the nationâs freight tonnage, and today nearly all highway freight trucks, locomotives, and commercial marine vessels are powered by diesel engines. EPA is soliciting applications nationwide for projects that significantly reduce diesel emissions and exposure, especially from fleets operating at goods movements facilities in areas designated as having poor air quality. Applicants may request funding to upgrade or replace diesel-powered buses, trucks, marine engines, locomotives and nonroad equipment with newer, cleaner technologies. Priority for funding will also be given to projects that engage and benefit local communities and applicants that demonstrate their ability to promote and continue efforts to reduce emissions after the project has ended.
Eligible applicants include regional, state, local or tribal agencies, or port authorities with jurisdiction over transportation or air quality. Nonprofit organizations may apply if they provide pollution reduction or educational services to diesel fleet owners or promote air quality and clean transportation. Applicants may apply until March 16, 2021.
Applicants must request funding from the EPA regional office which covers the geographic project location. The maximum amount of federal funding that may be requested per application varies by Region:
- Region 1 (Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont) will accept applications requesting up to $1,000,000 in grant funds.
- Region 2 (New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands) will accept applications requesting up to $2,500,000 in grant funds.
- Region 3 (Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia) will accept applications requesting up to $2,500,000 in grant funds.
- Region 4 (Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee) will accept applications requesting up to $2,000,000 in grant funds.
- Region 5 (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin) will accept applications requesting up to $3,000,000 in grant funds.
- Region 6 (Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas) will accept applications requesting up to $2,500,000 in grant funds.
- Region 7 (Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska will accept applications requesting up to $1,500,000 in grant funds.
- Region 8 (Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming) will accept applications requesting up to $2,600,000 in grant funds.
- Region 9 (Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, Guam, American Samoa, Northern Mariana Islands) will accept applications requesting up to $4,000,000 in grant funds.
Region 10 (Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington) will accept applications requesting up to $1,000,000 in grant funds.
Since the first year of the DERA program in 2008, EPA has competitively awarded over 850 grants and 450 rebates across the country. Many of these projects funded cleaner engines that operate in economically disadvantaged communities whose residents suffer from higher-than-average instances of asthma, heart and lung disease.
Click below to download the full document for specific information about this competition (82 pages).
Click below to download document with Questions and Answers on this matter (16 pages).
Source: US EPA