Maritime Loss Prevention: Carriage of Lithium - Ion Batteries in Containers - Guidelines


( There is general recognition in the maritime industry of the need for a greater commitment to health, safety, security, and the environment. The need for business, government, and non‐governmental organisations to work together to tackle the most pressing issues and societal challenges has never been clearer.

There is an urgent need to develop new sources of energy and energy storage methodologies to reduce environmental impact and dependency on fossil fuels. The development and use of Lithium‐Ion Batteries is crucial in this context. However, these batteries can present a significant risk to people, property and the environment if not handled, packaged, classified, and declared properly. Consequently, one of the main obstacles restricting the wider application of Lithium‐Ion Batteries is safety issues.

These Guidelines produced by the global carrier CINS Network is intended to highlight the risks that Lithium‐Ion Batteries can present and provide suggestions for identifying those risks and ensuring the safe carriage of Lithium‐Ion Batteries.

All stakeholders involved in the carriage of Lithium‐Ion Batteries in containers are asked to
carefully review these Guidelines to determine if they can be implemented and applied to their specific operations and requirements.

In particular, shippers and stakeholders handling, offering and providing storage or transport of Lithium‐Ion Batteries should review the safe carriage of Lithium‐Ion Batteries together with their customers, suppliers, manufacturers and producers, to apply and plan the supply chain transport in order to comply with international safety, health and environmental legislation and communicate the relevant information and documentation to all stakeholders in the supply chain including, but not limited to:

  • International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code, Code of Practice for Packing of
    Cargo Transport Units (CTU Code) and Cargo Stowage and Securing (CSS) Codes,
    amongst others.
  • national applicable legislation
  • training and knowledge of the associated risks and hazards when a Lithium Ion Battery fails and goes into thermal runaway
  • fault / failure detection and related required actions
  • suppressing, extinguishing and post‐fire management

Technology is constantly evolving, and risk control factors also require constant updates to deal with both risks and opportunities. Human risk control factors are particularly unpredictable, which is why any system must constantly take account of both the technological and human elements, new technologies, systems and devices and human judgement and behaviour.

This Guideline addresses both the technological and human aspects of risk control for the carriage of Lithium‐Ion Batteries. Download below:


Source: CINS



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