Black Sea MoU annual PSC report 2023


( During the 2023 calendar year, 5,294 inspections, involving 3,541 individual ships, were carried out on ships registered by 72 Flag Administrations in the Black Sea Region. The impact of the Russian Armed Invasion of Ukraine affected shipping in the Black Sea Region, including Ukrainian ports. In 2023, although the number of inspections closely aligns with the five-year average recorded during the pre-Covid period, from 2015 to 2019 (5,258), the number of inspections of Ukraine significantly dropped 45.5 per cent as compared with the pre-war 5-year period.

Although grain shipments from Ukraine resumed in 2022 thanks to the Black Sea Grain Initiative, signed by the Republic of Türkiye, the Russian Federation, Ukraine and the United Nations on 22 July 2022, the Initiative was terminated on 17 July 2023. After the termination of the Initiative, the number of inspections of Ukraine also decreased by 21.1 per cent.

To establish a special maritime corridor in Ukrainian sovereign waters in the Black Sea for commercial vessels heading to and from Ukrainian ports, the Government of Ukraine has temporarily instituted a maritime route to facilitate the unblocking of international shipping in the northwestern part of the Black Sea which runs along Ukraine’s southwest Black Sea coast, into Romanian territorial waters and exclusive maritime economic zone and onwards to Türkiye (for further information, please see IMO Circular Letters No.4748, dated as 19 July 2023 and No.4769, dated as 24 August 2023). The corridor had a positive impact on the increase in vessel traffic. Subsequently, a positive step for the viability of the route was launched by a mine sweeping group of Bulgaria, Romania and Türkiye which is designed to free coastal waters from sea mines.

The exact number of individual ships operating in the region was unavailable due to the war in Ukraine and it was estimated as 5,617*, the inspection rate in the region was approximately 63.04% in 2023. The number of individual ships inspected in 2023 (3,541) is slightly more than the number of individual ships inspected in 2022 (3,501).

Out of 5,294 inspections in 2023, 3,204 of them were found with deficiencies. The percentage of the inspection with deficiencies in 2023 (60.53%) is nearly similar with 2022 (59.96%).

In 2023, the number of ships detained as a result of deficiency(ies) clearly hazardous to safety, health or environmental amounted to 208. These detained vessels were registered by 27 different Flag Administrations. The overall detention percentage in the region (Detentions as per cent of inspections) in 2023 continues its upward trend, from 3.50:2022
to 3,93. Since several individual ships were inspected and detained more than once during any one year, the regional detention rate (Individual ships detained as per cent of individual ships inspected) in 2023 was 5.20 and it is higher than the detention percentage. The regional detention rate in 2023 was also higher than the 2022 detention rate of 4.63.


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Source: Black Sea MoU




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