Flashback in history: Adoption of OPA 90 in USA – 18 August 1990

(Join our newsfeed at http://www.MaritimeCyprus.com) On 18 August 1990, the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA 90) was enacted into law in the USA.

On March 24, 1989, the Exxon Valdez spilled over 11 million gallons of Alaskan crude into the water of Prince William Sound. There were many lessons learned the aftermath of the Valdez oil spill. Two of the most obvious were:

  • The United States lacked adequate resources, particularly U.S. Federal funds, to respond to spills, and
  • The scope of damages compensable under federal law to those impacted by a spill was fairly narrow.

Although the environmental damage and massive cleanup efforts were the most visible effects of this casualty, one of the most important outcomes was the enactment of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA), which addressed both these deficiencies. The measure was adopted by U.S. Congress in near-record time (for them) following the grounding of and oil spill from the tanker Exxon Valdez.

Despite predictions of train wrecks and the threatened halting of oil shipments to US ports, its various remedial measures, including higher liability limits, double hulls on oil tankers, and oil spill response plans entered into effect over the next few years. The amount of oil entering the waters of the United States from vessels has been reduced significantly.

The legislation also served as a model for efforts undertaken elsewhere to address the oil spill problem.

On 19 November 2015 the US Coast Guard published a Final Rule increasing the liability limits for vessels, deepwater ports and onshore facilities under the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA 90).

One thought on “Flashback in history: Adoption of OPA 90 in USA – 18 August 1990

Leave a Reply to Brittius Cancel reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.