AMSA has published its Annual Report on Port State Control for 2014, a year which marked the introduction of a significant change in Australia's response to ships and operators who perform poorly on a consistent basis. In November and December 2014 AMSA used the directions power provided in section 246 of the Navigation Act 2012 to ban 2 ships from entering or using Australian ports for a period of 3 months.
In exercising this power it is important to note that AMSA only employs this mechanism where normal PSC intervention has not been effective in achieving a lasting change in behaviour. It is only used where a systemic failure has been identified. The essential intent of the process is to improve performance rather than simply remove problem vessels from Australian ports .
|2014 at a glance|
- 26,936 ship arrivals by 5674 foreign-flagged ships
- 3742 PSC inspections
- 269 ship detentions
10- year summary of inspection, detentions and deficiency reate
Shipping activity continued to grow fairly strongly in 2014, in spite of falling prices for the main commodities of iron ore and coal, which account for the major share of capacity in Australian trade. The following trends in shipping activity were identified:
• In 2014, there were 26,936 port calls by foreign-flagged ships, an increase of 4.8 per cent, (stronger than the 2.3 per cent growth in port arrivals in 2013). The number of individual ships making these calls also increased by 4.2 per cent, to 5674 in 2014.
• Consistent with the trends in recent years, 29.5 per cent of these ships made only a single port call in Australia in the year, and 2168 ships (38 per cent) which visited in 2014 did not visit an Australian port in 2013, continuing the trend of high rates of fleet turnover and replacement observed in recent years.
• These replacement ships were, at 8.3 years age on average, 2 years younger than the ships which did not return in 2014, which would normally indicate an overall improvement in fleet safety (as ship age is a major indicator of the probability of a ship being detained at PSC inspection). However this improvement has not been achieved, as for the first time in several years the average age of the visiting foreign-flagged fleet increased during 2014, which was subsequently reflected in a small decline in expected ship safety performance and regulatory compliance.
• The overall foreign fleet visiting Australia in 2014 had an average age of 8.4 years. This is an increase from 2012 (8.2 years) and 2013 (8.1 years).
• The foreign fleet that called intoAustralian ports in 2014 represented larger ships overall. The average deadweight carrying capacity per port arrival in 2014 was 72,826 tonnes, an increase of 6.3 per cent over the previous year.
• Bulk carriers accounted for 49 per cent of foreign ship port visits and 66 per cent of the individual ships. There was little change in activity by container ships, while general cargo ships and oil tankers experienced declines of 11 per cent and 26 per cent respectively in port visits. Of the other main ship types, chemical tankers and gas carriers had growth rates of 20 per cent and 11 per cent respectively.
• In 2014 the risk profile of foreign-flagged ships and their port visits changed as a result of fleet turnover, such that a higher proportion of individual ships and a higher proportion of port visits by foreign ships were ranked in the top 2 risk groups of priority 1 and priority 2 for inspection focus. This meant that the improvements in ship risk profile experienced in 2013 were reversed in 2014.
Top 5 detainable deficiencies 2012-2014
|In 2014, AMSA surveyors carried out 3742 initial PSC inspections in conformance with international conventions, associated codes, resolutions and Australian legislation. As a result of these initial inspections, AMSA surveyors carried out 1904 follow up inspections.2014 Top 5||During 2014, AMSA surveyors recorded a total of 10,892 deficiencies giving a deficiency rate of 2.9 per inspection compared to 2.4 per inspection in 2013.2014 Top 5 per inspection by ship type|
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