Failure or accidental release of the lifeboat hooks can be fatal


( Lifeboats are designed to save lives, but over the years there have been many serious casualties that have occurred during drills, routine maintenance operations and inspections of davit suspended boats fitted with on-load release hooks. These accidents have also resulted in seafarers losing confidence in the lifeboat launching systems.

Causes of lifeboat accidents 

Lifeboat accidents have a variety of causes. Some of the more frequently occurring ones are:

  • failure of the on-load release mechanism;
  • inadvertent or accidental operation of the on-load release mechanism;
  • inadequate maintenance of the lifeboat and its launching equipment. Sometimes the item to be maintained might not be readily accessible due to its location;
  • lack of familiarity with lifeboats and the on-load release mechanism;
  • unclear operating instructions of the on-load release/resetting mechanism; and
  • faulty design.

Broadly speaking the above causes each fall into one of the following three categories: lack of familiarity, procedural inadequacy or faulty design. As for the faulty design, non-compliant hook mechanisms should have been replaced by now, as the deadline for their replacement was 1 July 2019.

To address operators’ lack of familiarity with the mechanism and procedural inadequacy, more needs to be done. Having a crew that is fully familiar with the lifeboat hook system and the potential failure points would be the starting point.

For this the crew should carefully read through the instructions provided in the manufacturer’s manual on items such as inspection, maintenance and operation, and if need be, seek clarification directly from the maker. Also, IMO’s guidelines on safety during abandon ship drills (MSC.1/Circ.1578) should be incorporated in the safety management procedures.

Source: Gard

More on Lifeboats:

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  2. Lessons Learnt: Death of a Bosun during Lifeboat drill (video).

  3. BIMCO practical guidance on safe launching and recovery of lifeboats

  4. Harmony of the Seas death: One person killed and four injured after Lifeboat accident on world's biggest cruise liner

  5. Crewmember dies after Coral Princess lifeboat accident

  6. IMO Requirements for maintenance of Life/Rescue boats, launching appliances and release gear as of 1 Jan 2020

  7. Marine Safety Investigation into injury during free-fall lifeboat drill

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